If a tree falls into your yard, who is responsible?

Winston-Salem, NC 2/17/2015

“When a tree falls from your neighbor’s yard damaging your fence, why isn’t it their responsibility to cover the damage?”

The answer in a nutshell: because it is not their fault that the tree fell.  Stop for a minute and look at the tree and your fence.  Chances are, the tree has been there longer and when you decided to put up that fence, you set the stage for the tree to fall upon it.  Now I know the tree wasn’t as large when you put up the fence, and it may have seemed quite far away, but trees are known to fall when the wind blows, or when they are heavily laden with ice. If the tree was healthy and there was no danger of it falling on its own (i.e. absent the influence of weather conditions outside the norm), there is no negligence on the part of your neighbor and no responsibility for the damage caused when the tree fell.   This is a generalization, so always check with local authorities if there is any question.

While the situation of an otherwise healthy tree falling during a storm is one we see most frequently, sometimes the circumstances could be reversed and mean liability on the part of the owner of the tree. If a tree is diseased or dead, ordinary weather conditions (and sometimes just gravity) can bring the tree down. In those cases, if the owner was aware of the danger posed by that diseased tree, he or she might be liable for damages caused when the tree falls. 

We recommend that you send a certified letter to the owner of a neighboring property if you suspect one of their trees is dead or dying and is in danger of damaging your property or injuring someone should it fall. Save a copy of the letter along with the certified mailing receipt in case something happens.  You might want to document the matter further with photographs. Many times liability is denied when the tree in question was in the back of a lot and the owner indicates they were unaware that it was dying or that there was any danger.  Your documentation to the contrary could be the difference between paying to repair your fence (or car or roof) out-of-pocket or having your neighbor (or his insurance company) take care of the situation.

Most people want to be good neighbors and will often address the situation if you mention it to them in the course of conversation.  To assure your protection and your property, it is always best to follow-up the conversation with a friendly documention requesting that they remove the tree.

Have you had an instance where your neighbor’s tree fell on your property, or vice versa where one of your trees fell on theirs?  Please contact our agency if you have further questions.

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